Introduction to Theravada Buddhist Meditation

The Buddha explains to  the seven kinds of benefits a mediator can gain through his own experience of dhamma.The first benefit is the purification of a being.when a person practices mindfulness, develops mindfulness or cultivates mindfulness ,he can purify his being from all defilement sit is pali word kilesa. this kilesa consists of mainly 1o kinds,Logha (greed) Dosa (hatred,anger,ill-will,aversion) Moha (ignorance) mana (Conceit) Ditthi (wrong view or false view)Vicikiccha (doubt) Thina-middha (sloth and torpor Uddhacca-kukkucca (restlessness and remorse) Ahirika (shamelessness Anottappa (fearlessness)these are the ten kinds of defilements which must be abandoned or removed from our minds by means of vipassana meditation. The Buddha says. One who practices mindfulness meditation can be purified of all defilements

That means, he can attain arahant ship and are purified from all kinds of defilements. This is the first benefit the second benefit of mindfulness meditation is overcoming sorrow and worry. Will not be worried about failure. or be sorry over the death  of relatives.   Or about the loss of your work. You will not be sorry about anything if you practice this mind fullness meditation. .Although you have not yet attained any path and fruition. You will be mindful of them as they are. When your mindfulness become powerful. That worry or sorrow will stop and disappear .when you have completely developed mindfulness, you will attain Arahantship, after that attainment ,you will not have to worry or be sorry about anything, in this way. Sorrow and worry can be overcome by vipassana meditation

The third benefit is overcoming lamination although you parents or children or relatives die. You will not have any lamentation for them because you will have realized that bodily and mental processes constitute the so-called child or the so-called  parent. In this way lamentation can be overcome by mindfulness meditation as for the third benefit

The fourth benefit is the cessation of physical suffering. The fifth benefit is the cessation of mental suffering or mental dukkha. Physical dukkha such as pain, stiffness, itchiness, numbness and so on can be overcome by this vipassana meditation in meditation retreats as well as outside meditation retreats. When you have some experience in this meditation practice. You can overcome your physical dukkha as well as mental dukkha(physical suffering and mental suffering)to a large extent .But if you have enough effort and time for vipassana meditation, you  can uproot and eradicate both physical and mental suffering. Then .you can say good bye to them because by then you will have attained Arahantship.

The sixth benefit is the attainment of enlightenment, Magga and phala(the path and Fruition)when you have enough effort  and time to devote to your vipassana meditation, you will attain the first faith  ,sotapatti Magga. This is the sixth benefit of vipassana meditation; The seventh benefit is that you are sure to attain Nibbana, emancipation through your vipassana meditation.

Mestiye Upananda , Lecturer , University Of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka, PhD candidate In Zhejiang University, China